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  • Ayurveda
    Ayurveda medicine is a system of traditional medicine native to the India and practiced in other parts of the world as a form of alternative medicine. Around 1500 BC, the fundamental and applied principles of Ayurveda was organized and enunciated. Ayurveda traces its origins to the Vedas, Atharvaveda in particular, and is usually connected to Hindu religion. The classical texts Susruta Samhita and the Charaka Samhita were influential works on traditional medicine during this era.

    The medical system of Ayurveda includes
    1. Internal & External Medications
    2. Detoxification treatments called Panchakarma.

    Internal & External Medication
    The medicines in Ayurveda are usually prepared from herbs, minerals and herbo-minerals. The main sources of medicines are herbs itself & they are made in the form of decoctions, powders, ghee, jams, tablets, oils etc single herbs as well as in combinations. Ayurveda medicines are available in different modes according to the difference in mode of preparations. They include-

    Arishtams Asavas Kashayams Choornams Vatakams Lehyams Ghrithams

    These medicines are prepared with different combinations which can be used in different disease conditions.
    Panchakarma (meaning "five actions")
    According to the Father of Ayurveda Charaka, the five treatment actions are
    Nasya (nasal therapy), Vamana (emesis or vomiting), Virechana (purging) and two kinds of Vasti (therapeutic enema), Nirooha Vasti and Sneha Vasti. Herbal decoctions are used for Nirooha Vasti and herbal oils for Sneha Vasti.

    These five major procedures in Panchakarma are meant to purify the whole body by eliminating the accumulated toxins from it.
    Another school of thought, that of the surgeon Sushruta, regards Rakta (blood) also as a dosha (humor), the vitiation of which can cause diseases, and advocates Raktamokshana (bloodletting) as the fifth in the Panchakarma therapies. In this school, the five therapies are Nasya, Vamana, Virechana, Vasti and Raktamokshana. As bloodletting involves medical venesection and Leeching. This fivefold therapy is aimed at Shodhana, the eradication of the basic cause of disease. Shodhana or eradication, along with Shamana, the mitigation of the disease and its symptoms, are the two concepts of disease management in Ayurveda. Panchakarma, as believed by practitioners, has a rejuvenating effect when it is subjected to a healthy person.

    Panchakarma is always performed in three stages, and they are
    Purva Karma (pre-treatment), Pradhana Karma (primary treatment) and Paschat Karma (post-treatment).

    The patient who opts for any one of the five therapies must invariably undergo all three stages.
    Purva Karma (Pre-treatment) mainly consists of oil therapy, massage and fomentation therapy. Snehana is administering oleation, or sneha or snigdha dravyas in the form of thailam or ghritham to the body.

    Oil massage (Sanskrit: abhyanga) is an important treatment in Ayurveda. It involves a therapeutic massage of around 45 minutes, and it is helpful to treat diseases.

    Treatment Swedana is a fomentation or sudation therapy given to the whole or part of the body depending on the disease. The ama or the impurities that reaches the Koshta is believed to be eliminated during the Pradhana Karma (primary treatment). This is the panchakarma itself, when care is given with the classical treatments under the strict supervision of Physicians. During the treatments, food is given according to the degree of purification intended for the body.

    To complete the healing process, dietary regimens, restricted bodily exertion and the intake of herbs believed to promote health, are followed and they come under the Paschat Karma (post-treatment). Paschatkarma would include administering required food for the body after the purification of the body, to intensify the agni (digestion power), which will be usually subsided after Panchakarma.

    Thulasi

    Ayurveda Chikitsalayalam Alanallur, Palakkad Dt. Kerala, India - 678601

    Contact No:

    +91 4924 263369, +91 944 634 6245

    Web:

    www.thulasiayurveda.in, dr@thulasiayurveda.in